EXPLORING THE ANCESTOR SITE (2-END)- UTC Expedition, Discovering Temple With No Name
This discovery is very valuable because it can trace the archaeological sites. The archaeological sites are not only about Majapahit. Scratches found on the rocks show evidence of various Kingdoms in Mojokerto past glory. Most of the Kingdoms alternately used Mount Penanggungan as strategic location in ruling the government and Kingdom. The fact is still attached to the present because the evidences are still many there.
Even the archaeologists continue to pursue historical sites that depict the life of pre-Majapahit Kingdoms and the Majapahit Kingdom itself. The need of archaeologists to trace and preserve the history began to get the support from many parties, one of the parties that are concerned to preserve the history is University of Surabaya (Ubaya). Ubaya wanted to preserve the proof of past history. They rely on some young blood to trace the historical sites. They are Akhmad khuzaini, Nurul Hidayati, Arif Yudha, and Dian Dwi Cahya.
They are led by Kusworo Rahadian as the Consultant for Ubaya Training Center (UTC). Experiential Learning Program Development. Moreover, they are also supported by archeologists from The U.K. namely Hadi Sidomulyo or Nigel Bullough. This archeologist has studied many years exploring the ancestor sites around Mount Penanggungan. He has discovered many sites, some of his findings have even been recorded into a book entitled “Commemoration of MPU Prapanca Journey”
With the support from the senior archaeologist, the UTC team task becomes easier. They successfully discovered many historical items including “Temple with No Name” around Mount Penanggungan. The position of the temple is still natural, with asymmetrical ruins. Coordinating Agency for Surveys and Mapping (Bakosurtanal) has no record on that temple. However, the map of the Dutch has noticed that temple. Yet, the only clue is numbers and did not clearly mention the temple name or the temple location.
The discovery is considered as a special discovery, because not all archaeologists can find a location related to the past history of the Mojokerto Kingdoms. To date, none knows from which era are the ancestor sites from because the position of the rocks and other evidence can not be collected. Archaeologists are still digging to find out more depth evidences from rocks or other objects. The temple location is still not touched by the community, because the road leading to the temple is very steep and difficult. It needs 10 hours waling to reach the site.
“This is a special discovery, we are very proud of the team work,” said Kusworo Rahadian (Consultant for Ubaya Training Center Experiential Learning Program Development). Then the discovery of the temples would be preserved. Ubaya will be the pioneer by establishing “Archeological Trail” where Ubaya will unify and finance the temple locations into a tourist area. Tourists will be invited to explore the temple location through the Mount Penanggungan climbing.
Moreover, to explore the Mount Penanggungan, the team divides the Mount into several blocks, for example, Genting and Mungkur Elephant Blocks. The Genting block will cover several temples located on the north of Elephant Mungkur Mount, Bekel Mount, and Mount Penanggungan itself. The archaeological sites in this area are mostly located on the residents’ farming area. Then there is another Jolotundo temple which was there about the year 977 AD.
“All will be well arranged. We will protect the archaeological sites with our own way, we do not want anyone to destruct the site,” he said. As a first step, the process of preserving the history performed by placing them on the photo frames. Recently, UTC has done photo exhibitions about the existence of temples around Mount Penanggungan at Ubaya Campus III. Visitors of the Campus III that stands on 40 hectares land area in Trawas Mojokerto, will be led to see the photos of the archaeological sites. UTC team will tell the process of the temple and cave discovery, as well as inform the emergence of the temple during the Kingdom era.
With this guide, people can come to learn history and encourage them to love and preserve the history. “So learning process is not only on campus or school, but also outside the campus,” said Prof. Ir. Joniarto Parung, PhD (Ubaya Rector). He believes that the breakthrough tone by Ubaya can help to preserve the heritage because many natural treasures must be preserved such as the existence of the temple, saints, kings, and other evidence of the greatness of the nation.
“We will set up a fund to preserve these natural treasures. History is more important than other needs,” he explained.
Penanggungan Archeological Trail (PAT) - Ubaya Training Centre (2/End) 100 Monuments are Discovered, The Unnamed has been recorded and buried
Mount Penanggungan area, Pasuruan, is well known with the existence of the ancestor sites from Majapahit era. In fact, there are many archeological sites there. From the data of Coordinating Agency for Surveys and Mapping (Bakosurtanal), it is found that 100 monuments have been marked, consisting of 53 markers and 47 temple sites.
Radar Surabaya Journalist
Selo Kelir TEMPLE is only one of nearly 100 sites located on the slopes of Mount Penanggungan sites that have been given names. There are many other sites were found. In fact, some time ago, Ubaya Training Center PAT team successfully discovered the temple that is still yet to be named. “We took a picture of the sites. We believe, it is one of a place of worship,” said Consultant for Ubaya Training Center Experiential Learning Program Development, Kusworo Rahardian.
Kusworo with his team consisting of UTC PAT advisor, Hadi Sidomulyo or Nigel Bulough from England intensively gives attention on the Majapahit sites. Together with his team, Kusworo wants to preserve the cultural heritage of the noble ancestors.
According Kusworo, there are a lot of Majapahit sites found. They are Jedong, Jedong I Gates, Umpak Wolu Temple, Pasetran Temple, and Kedungudi Block.
The Tiger cave located on the Mount Kemuncup also becomes the main attraction. There is also a Belahan Gapura Ayang Temple from 14-15 century when the Majapahit Kingdom ends. “Since 1952, the existence of these sites has been mapped by the Dutch. It was refreshed by Bakosurtanal around the 1970’s,” said Kusworo.
In addition to Kusworo dan Nigel Bulough, the UTC PAT team also consists of Akhmad Khuzaini, Nurul Hidayati, Arif Yudo, and Dian Dwi Cahyo. They are the ones who initially like climbing a mountain. However, over time, they feel bored if just climbing. Once Ubaya established the UTC PAT with the education and adventure concept, they were then interested to join.
Kusworo explained, the discovered sites will normally be recorded and reported to the BP3 Trowulan. This is done to avoid theft. “If we found a site, then we will record and report it. Then, we will rebury the sites for security reason and avoid it from the irresponsible people,” he said.
From the many discoveries, added Kusworo, many clues show that the sites are the ancient relics before the Majapahit era such as Buyung Cave nearby Selo Kelir Temple. Inside the cave, there are a few similarities with the relics of the Majapahit era such as carving shapes and materials from andesite bricks. Moreover, the signs of ancient relics before Majapahit can be seen with the seven terraced building forms and made of andesite stone. These stones appeared in the Hindu era before the Majapahit.
Kusworo added, the UTC PAT team chosen the Mount Penanggungan location due to some supporting factors. Among others, a convenient and easy access, the weather is not too extreme, and a good level of safety. “If there are members who are injured, the evacuation will be very quick. The education message is also very strong,” he concluded. (*rie/jay)
Tuesday, 6 November 2012