EXPLORING THE ANCESTOR SITE – A Selokelir Temple, Evidence Of Pre-Majapahit Kingdom Glory


  • November 05, 2012
  • Fadjar Efendy Rasjid

EXPLORING THE ANCESTOR SITE – a Selokelir Temple, Evidence of Pre-Majapahit Kingdom Glory


Ubaya Training Center (UTC) Team is conducting research about a Selokelir Temple Base, located on the Penanggungan Mountain. The team works with the expedition team in developing learning beyond the classroom such as tracking activity.


Talking about Mojokerto, we can not separate it with the heritage/ancestor sites of the past. Many temples in Mount Penanggungan become the evidence that Mojokerto is the administrative center of various kingdoms on the past. Not only Majapahit, Mojokerto also has been used as the administrative center of various kingdoms before Majapahit. The signs of ancient relics of the Kingdoms before Majapahit can be easily seen from the evidence of several temple sites located around Mount Penanggungan.

One of them is the existence of Selokelir Temple, a temple at an altitude of 760 above sea level (dplm) that has been a silent witness to the glory of the Kingdoms before Majapahit. Candi is estimated to be constructed at the Year 11 or 12 AD. There is also a hint that says the temple that is located on the Western of Bede was established in the year 1404 AD.
 

The hint is found in Buyung Cave nearby Selokelir Temple where inside the cave, there are several similarities on carvings and shapes of bricks’ made of andesite stone. In addition, the signs of ancient relics before Majapahit can be seen on the seven terraced building forms and made of andesite stone. The stones appeared on Hindu era before Majapahit. The signs are displayed in the form of carvings that signify image, floral design and various symbols used on the society.


This condition is different from the Buddha era, as the Greatness symbols on Buddhist era are usually set by telling the condition of society. While bricks condition in the Selokelir Temple are mostly floral, plaid, and three graffiti on each stone. This fact indicates that the temple existed before the Majapahit period.

However, the temple that shows the natural beauty continues to be maintained at the Majapahit Kingdom period. This clue also appeared at the location around the temple in the form of carving shape. “But everything can not be ascertained, we just read the instructions that are found,” said Akhmad Khuzaini from the UTC Team, assisted by Nurul Hidayati, Arif Yudha, and Dian Dwi Cahya. In order to ensure the existence of the Selokelir Temple, we require more evidences.

However, the presence of stones and other clues reinforces that the Selokelir Temple existed before the Majapahit Kingdom. It is even possible that the temple existed during the Kediri Kingdom period because the carvings on the stone have similar structure. Yet, certainty can not be decided yet.

In fact, the condition of the stone temple is not well arranged. It signifies that the researchers can not make a conclusion as they are not able to firmly read the storyline of the symbols appear. “This condition seems to be deliberately created as archaeologists and residents hope there will be no thefts around that area. If we excavate the Temple, we can find many ancient statues. It is also evidence that theft is existing because the statue head is disappeared,” said Kusworo Rahadian, Development Consultant for UTC Experiential Learning Program.
 

Kus (Kusworo Rahadian’s nickname) explained, from the findings of archaeologists in Selokelir Temple, the terrace dimension has been found. On that terrace, the variety of building decoration was not clear but on the building’s surface and the courtyard, it is found something that is expected to be parts of the building. In the temple courtyard, there are piles which are decorated with giant relief decoration and the Portuguese Cross.

There are also lumpung stone that has a diameter of 80 cm and 25 cm medial hole, but the height is difficult to know. Something that is more interesting the researchers found yoni hole (phallus stand or statue) in rectangular shape with a length of 10 cm, width 10 cm, 10 cm of depth. There is also a pedestal stone with the lower base of 25 cm length 22 cm width and the upper dimension of length 18 cm & height 22 cm. Meanwhile, the upper part has triangular decoration, this pedestals is expected to be used as the offerings in this temple.

The archaeologist, said Kus also found other signs, such as a pipisan stone and 2 pedestal stones. The dimension of the pipisan stone is 60 cm x 35 cm x 2 cm, while two pedestal stones have the same dimension with the pedestal stone located at the temple courtyard. Even more interesting, there is Telo Blandong Temple on the top of the Selokelir Temple.

The ancient relic is also called The Telong Blandong temple in the form of pitting shape made of andesite stone with the dimension of 200 cm length 200 cm width and 170 cm depth. “This temple is closely linked with the Selokelir Temple,” concluded the man who was born in Boyolali. (To be continued)

ARIEF ARDLIYANTO
Surabaya

 


Archeological Trail Tracking (PAT) Ubaya Training Centre (1/continued)
 

Tired after 3 Hours climbing, Paid off after seeing Selo Kelir Site


Climbing the mountain with adventure atmosphere gave a different experience. Archeological Trail Tracking (PAT) offers a combination of recreation as well as the chance to explore the Majapahit relics at Penanggungan Mountain.


LAININ NADZIROH
Radar Surabaya Journalist
 

MOUNTAIN of Penanggungan located in Trawas Mojokerto has long been known as the Majapahit Kingdom area. However, not many have been exposed from the mountain that has amazing panorama. One that is quite interesting is the discovery of various temple sites. This certainly becomes an attraction as educational materials for young people. Unfortunately, it has not yet been well explored.

This condition encourages Ubaya Training Centre (UTC), which is located nearby the Penanggungan Mountain, in developing PAT routes. “We want to bring the climbing activity with different nuances,” said Kusworo Rahardian (Consultant of Development and Experiential Learning Program PAT).


The difference is, PAT is a combination of character development media, adventure training, environmental and education. With the combination of these elements, climbing a mountain becomes much more interesting.

“The experience gained from PAT is much more unique and memorable. Most importantly, it is also more fun,” said Kusworo.

Radar Surabaya who was invited to try one of the PAT routes can feel a different atmosphere. Going from the base camp at UTC, the participants climbed the mountain with fun. Passing the forest that has many Sengon trees, the trip became more enjoyable. In fact, sometimes the participants sometimes saw the views of rice paddies or sugarcane.


To reach the nearest site, namely The Selo Kelir Temple, participants must prepare well. Not just a physical matter, but also logistics supply because the field continues to climb uphill and it makes those who can not climb will be quickly exhausted. It took about 2-3 hours from UTC to reach the Selo Kelir Temple that is located at an altitude of 885 Above Sea Level (DPL).
 
Tired? That’s for sure. The foot feels like broken off as the road continues to climb. A friend who’s a bit fat looked very happy after reaching the Selo Kelir site. “It’s fun here. The scenery is beautiful. Tired’s paid off,” said a climber, Ika. Climbers were happy after they reached the site. Moreover, they can witness the stone condition. The stone is scattered and stacked, so that the shape is not perfect. (/rie /het/to be continued)
 
Source: Radar Surabaya

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